The Roles of Vitamins Supplement in Your Body
Did you know that there are two types of vitamins? Water-soluble and Fat-soluble. Each type of vitamin has a different role in your body. In this blog post, I’ll discuss the different roles of vitamin supplements. I’ll also provide some examples of each type of vitamin. So, without further ado, let’s get started!
Vitamins are organic compounds that function as vital nutrients in plants and animals, helping with processes such as cell growth, development, metabolism, and immunity against diseases. There are 13 Vitamins known today – grouped into Vitamin A, B1 through B12 groups (Vitamin C is also considered one), Vitamin D, E, and K. All Vitamins are needed for humans because they all participate in chemical reactions within the body. Vitamin deficiency diseases can occur when a person does not get enough Vitamins or when Vitamins cannot do their job due to another problem (for example Vitamin A and D deficiencies).
What Happens when you start Taking Vitamins?
When you start taking daily vitamins, you are giving your body the nutrients that it needs to function properly. You may notice an improvement in your overall energy levels, and you may also find that you are less likely to get sick. Additionally, taking vitamins can help improve your skin health, hair health, and nail health.
A big benefit is that any extra you consume will be readily flushed out of your body with an increase in urine production. They do not get deposited in your fatty tissues and most importantly not in your liver like fat-soluble vitamins.
Vitamin C is one of the most well-known water-soluble vitamins. It’s required for many critical chemical reactions in your body, including making collagen (a protein that helps with wound healing) and neurotransmitters (chemicals that allow communication between nerve cells). Additionally, Vitamin C boosts your immune system by increasing the production of white blood cells called lymphocytes which help you fight infection.
B Vitamins work together to convert carbohydrates into glucose for energy. Thiamine (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin (B3), Pantothenic Acid (B5), Pyridoxine (B6), Biotin (B7), Folic Acid (B9) and Cobalamin or Vitamin B12 are considered to be the B Vitamins.
These vitamins are stored in your liver and fatty tissues when they are consumed in excess of what your body needs. They are not easily excreted, so you only need a tiny bit each day to keep healthy levels.
Vitamin A is an excellent example of fat-soluble vitamin that helps support good vision, cell growth, immune function, and hormonal balance. It’s also required for gene transcription – basically, it helps genes work properly!
Vitamin D is another type of fat-soluble vitamin that has received quite a bit of attention in recent years. It helps regulate cell growth, immunity, and inflammation. Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to serious health conditions including cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, respiratory tract infections, tuberculosis, and multiple sclerosis.
As you can see there are two types of vitamins – water-soluble and fat-soluble. If you pay attention to the food labels on the grocery store shelves or follow a healthy eating plan where you learn which foods are high in certain complex vitamins, then you should have no problem getting enough of each type of essential vitamin your body needs!
The 13 Essential Vitamins
- Vitamin A is an antioxidant that protects body cells from damage caused by free radicals (unstable molecules that may contribute to cancer). It is essential for maintaining healthy skin. Vitamin A also helps to keep eyes and mucous membranes healthy.
- Vitamin A deficiency causes decreased night vision and, in extreme cases, total blindness. Vitamin A deficiency can be caused by inadequate intake of vitamin A (the elderly and vegans who do not consume any animal products are at the highest risk), or it can result from other factors that interfere with how the body absorbs or processes vitamin A (bile production is inhibited due to severe diarrhea or diseases such as liver disease).
- Vitamin B1: Thiamine is necessary for the proper release and uptake of energy in glucose. It is needed to support growth and development and has been linked to skin issues, fatigue, heart conditions, mental confusion, increased irritability, headaches, etc.
- Vitamin B2: Riboflavin vitamins have several different functions. One function is maintaining healthy red blood cells by preventing hemolysis (the breaking down of red blood cells). Vitamin B2 also helps to release energy from carbohydrates. Prolonged deficiency can cause anemia along with increased susceptibility to infection due to low immune function. Symptoms are cited as muscle weakness, burning or tingling sensation on the tongue or lips, irregular heartbeat, etc.
- Vitamin B3: Niacin is necessary for healthy skin, metabolism of carbs, amino acids, and fats along with cholesterol levels, digestive health – it helps to maintain a good balance of acidity in the stomach so that harmful bacteria are not able to thrive there. Niacin also reduces high levels of triglycerides (fat) in the blood; helps regulate nerve function; promotes mental clarity; boosts energy; supports immune system activity; reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
- Vitamin B5: Pantothenic Acid is essential for growth and development as well as supporting adrenal gland function (the body’s natural response mechanism against stress). It is needed for synthesis which can help lower blood pressure.
- Vitamin B6: Pyridoxine is necessary for healthy skin, nerve function and aids in the production of some amino acids; boosts immune function; helps maintain normal blood sugar levels; reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease; supports cardiovascular health by supporting homocysteine metabolism (homocysteine is an amino acid that can be harmful to health if elevated). Vitamin B6 deficiency symptoms include inflammation of mouth, lips, tongue, or throat; dermatitis; abnormal red blood cells which may result in jaundice.
- Vitamin B7: Biotin is important for maintaining normal glucose (blood sugar) levels. It supports healthy hair growth and nail strength as well as strengthening cell membranes which help protect against cancer.
- Vitamin B9: Folic acid is known to help prevent anemia (due to its role in the production of red blood cells) and neural tube defects (birth defects of the brain or spine). Taking folic acid before getting pregnant (at least three months) helps reduce the risk of birth defects. It is also thought that folate can repair damage to DNA; supports healthy cardiovascular functions; reduces risks associated with obesity, diabetes, and high homocysteine levels.
- Vitamin B12: Cobalamin has many important bodily functions ranging from aiding the production of red blood cells, maintaining normal nerve function, gene synthesis as well as supporting immune function. Vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms include fatigue, tingling or numbing in hands or feet, mental confusion, stomach issues (such as constipation or loss of appetite), diarrhea, and weight loss.
- Vitamin C: Ascorbic acid helps the body to synthesize collagen for healthy skin and connective tissue; boosts immune function by enhancing antimicrobial actions of white blood cells against certain harmful bacteria, viruses and fungi; is a powerful antioxidant that can fight harmful compounds called free radicals which damage cells in your body so taking vitamin c may reduce risk of cardiovascular disease. Vitamin C deficiency symptoms include frequent infections often with no source, bleeding gums, bruising easily, dry skin, painful joints, etc.
- Vitamin D: Calciferol is known to promote calcium absorption – lack of vitamin D can cause poor bone formation; people who consume sufficient vitamin D may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease due to regulation of blood pressure and vascular elasticity; aids in the prevention of osteoporosis (weakening of bones) also reduces the risk of cancer, diabetes, autoimmune diseases, etc. Vitamin D deficiency symptoms include muscle aches and pain, frequent respiratory infections; fatigue; dental abscesses; various kinds of pain including headache, pelvic pain, etc.; impaired immunity with increased susceptibility to viral infections.
- Vitamin E: Tocopherols are antioxidants that protect the body’s cells against free radicals which damage cells so they can not function properly – this leads to the development or acceleration of chronic diseases like cancer, cardiovascular disease, or Alzheimer’s disease. Vitamin E deficiency symptoms include muscle weakness; decrease in activity level; dry skin.
- Vitamin K: Phylloquinone is known to support bone formation and help blood clotting (contributes to normal blood coagulation). Symptoms of vitamin k deficiency can take years to develop due to carboxylation of proteins (that the body needs) that depend on it for proper function – these proteins are needed for blood coagulation, bone formation, and anticoagulant action (prevents excessive blood clotting).
In conclusion, vitamins play a crucial role in supporting all aspects of your health. It’s important to be aware of the symptoms that may indicate you’re deficient in certain vitamins and then take appropriate action to correct this deficiency as soon as possible – whether it be through supplementation or healthy diet choices.